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杭州市教育系统公开招聘教职工专业知识测试 （ 2013 年五月） 小学英语学科试卷 考生需知：
1. 本试卷分试卷和答卷，满分 100 分，考试时间 120 分钟。
4.考试结束，上交所有试卷和答卷。 第一部分：单项填空（共 15 题，每小题一份，满分 15 分） 从 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题 纸上将该项标号涂黑。 1.I made a promise to myself _______ this year, my first year in high school, would be different. A. whether B. what C. that D. How
2.Studying Wendy’s menu, I found that many of the items are similar to _______ of
McDonald’s. A. those B. ones C. any D. all
3. _______all the animals I’ve ever had, these two dogs are the most sensitive to the spoken word. A. From B. Of C. For D. With 4.I think Tom, as the head of a big department, should either study regularly or _______his job. A. quits B. to quit C. quitting D. quit 5.We live in an age _______more information is available with greater ease than ever before. A. why B. when C. to whom D. on which 6.The research lacks _______evidence, and therefore, its conclusions are doubtful. A. solid B. fierceC. severe D. potential
7.‖It’s a such nice place,‖ Mother said as she sat at the table _______for customs. A. to be reserved B. Living reserved C. reserving D. reserved 8.According to scientists, our mental abilities begin to _______ from the age of 27 after reaching the highest level at 22. A. differ B. shrink C. fail D. decline 9.Peter had intended to take a job in business, but _______ that plan after the unpleasant experience in Canada in 2010. A. had abandoned B. abandoned C. abandon D will abandon 10.Brown said he was by no means annoyed; _______ he was glad to be able to make himself clearly understood. A. all in all B. for one thing C. on the contrary D. by the way 11.Armed with the information you have gathered, you can _______ preparing your business plan. A. set out B. set about C. set off D. set up 12.—Alvin, are you coming with us?
—I’d love to, but something unexpected _______. A. has come up B. was coming up C. had come up D. would come up 13.Mike was usually so careful, _______ this time he made a small mistake. A. yet B. still C. even D. thus 14.Had they known what was coming next, they _______ second thoughts. 15.A. may have B. could have C. must have had D. might have had 15.—I’m going to San Francisco for a couple of days.
—_______. I wish I could get away for a while
A. It doesn’t matter B. Forget it C. I really envy you D. I can’t agree more 第二部分：完形填空 （共 15 题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的 A、 B、 C 和 D 四个选项中选择最佳选项， 并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 People on a college campus were more likely to give money to the March of Dimes if they were asked for a donation by a disabled woman in a wheelchair than if asked by a nondisabled woman. In another 16 , subway riders in New York saw a man carrying a stick stumble and fall to the floor. Sometimes the victim had a large red birthmark on his 17 ;sometimes he did not. In this situation, the victim was more likely to 18 aid if his face was spotless than if he had an unattractive birthmark. In 19 these and other research findings, two themes are 20 :we are more willing to help people we like for some reason and people we think 21 assistance. In some situations, those who are physically attractive are more likely to receive aid. 22 ,in a field study researchers placed a completed application to graduate school in a telephone box at the airport. The application was ready to be 23 , but
had apparently been ‖lost‖. The photo attached to the application was sometimes that of a very 24 person and sometimes that of a less attractive person. The measure of helping was whether the individual who found the envelope actually mailed it or not. Results showed that people were more likely to 25 the application if the person in the photo was physically attractive. The degree of 26 between the potential helper and the person in need is also important. For example, people are more likely to help a stranger who is from the same country rather than a foreigner. In one study, shoppers on a busy street in Scotland were more likely to help a person wearing a(n) 27 T-shirt than a person wearing a T-shirt printed with offensive words. Whether a person receives help depends in part on the ‖worth ‖ of the case. For example , shoppers in a supermarket were more likely to give someone. 28 to buy milk rather than to buy cookies , probably because milk is thought more essential for 29 than cookies. Passengers on a New York subway were more likely to help a man who fell to the ground if he appeared to be 30 rather than drunk. 16. A. study B. way C. word D. College 17. A. hand B. arm C. face D. back 18. A. refuse B. beg C. lose D. receive 19. A. challenging B. recording C. understanding D. publishing 20. A. important B. possible C. amusing D. missing 21. A. seek B. deserve C. obtain D. accept 22. A. At first B. Above all C. In addition D. For example 23. A. printed B. mailed C. rewritten D. signed 24. A. talented B. good-looking C. helpful D. hard-working 25. A. send in B. throw away C. fill out D. turn down 26. A. similarity B. friendship C. cooperation D. contact 27. A. expensive B. plain C. cheap D. strange 28. A. time B. instructions C. money D. chances 29. A. shoppers B. research C. children D. health 30. A. talkative B. handsome C. calm D. sick 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 题,每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、 B、 C 和四个选项中选出最佳选择， 并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 Would-be language teachers everywhere have one thing in common ; they all want some recognition of their professional status and skills , and a job. The former requirement is obviously important on a personal level, but it is vital if you are to have any chance of finding work. Ten years ago, the situation was very different. In virtually every developing country, and in many developed countries as well, being a native English speaker was enough to get you employed as an English teacher. Now employers will only look at teachers who have the knowledge, the skills and aptitudes to teach English effectively. The result of this has been to raise non-native English teachers to the same status as their native counterparts—something they have always deserved but seldom enjoyed . Non-natives are now happy –linguistic discrimination is a thing of the past. An ongoing research project, funded by the University of Cambridge, asked a sample of teachers, teacher educators and employers in more than 40 countries whether they regard the native/non-native speakers distinction as being at all
important. ―No‖ was the answer. As long as candidates could teach and had the
required level of English, it didn’t matter who they were and where they came from. Thus, a new form of discrimination---this time justified because it singled out the unqualified---liberated the linguistically oppressed. But the Cambridge project did more than just that; it confirmed that the needs of native and non-native teachers are extremely similar. 31.The selection of English teachers used to be mainly based on _______. A. whether or not he has the ability to teach English very well B. whether or not he is an English native speaker C. whether or not he possesses the English knowledge D. whether or not he has the professional status and skills 32.What did non-native English teachers deserve but seldom enjoy? A. The same status as their native counterparts possess. B. The same salary as those native English teachers earn C. The different treatment as their native counterparts get D. The similar knowledge and skills as the native speakers have. 33.What kind of people can now find a job as an English teacher A. Those who can teach effectively and have the required English level. B. Those who come from the United States or the United Kingdom. C. Those who can speak fluent English. D. Those who have the degrees in English
34.What is the result of the ―new form of discrimination‖? A. It liberated the non-native English teacher and singled out the unqualified. B. It helped the schools to employ those who come from English speaking countries. C. It made it easy for the educational organization to select the English teachers. D. It proved that the English speakers and the non-English speakers are very similar to each other.
35.The phrase― the linguistically oppressed ‖refers to those who were_________. A. held back by their language and their linguistical identities B. qualified English teachers but who were non-native speakers C. unqualified English teachers but who were native speakers D. unqualified English teachers but who were non-native speakers B A child who has once been pleased with a tale likes, as a rule, to have it retold in identically the same words, but this should not lead parents to treat printed fairy stories as sacred texts. It is always much better to tell a story than read it out of a book, and, if a parent can produce what, in the actual circumstances of the time and the individual child, is an improvement on the printed text, so much the better. A charge made against fairy tales is that they harm the child by frightening him or arousing his sadistic impulses. To prove the latter, one would have to show in a controlled experiment that children who have read fairy stories were more often guilty of cruelty than those who had not. Aggressive, destructive, sadistic impulses every child has and, on the whole, their symbolic verbal discharge seems to be rather a safety valve than an incitement to overt action. As to fears, there are, I think, wellauthenticated cases of children being dangerously terrified by some fairy story . Often however, this arises from the child having heard the story once. Familiarity with the story by repetition turns the pain of fear into the pleasure of a fear faced and mastered. There are also people who object to fairy stories on the grounds that they are not objectively true that giants, witches, two-headed dragons, magic carpets, etc., do not exist and that , instead of indulging his fantasies in fairy tales, the child should be taught how to adapt to reality by studying history and mechanics. I find such people, I must confess, so unsympathetic and peculiar that I do not know how to argue with them. If their case were sound, the world should be full of madmen attempting to fly from New York to Philadelphia on a broomstick or covering a telephone with kisses in the belief that it was their enchanted girlfriend. No fairy story ever claimed to be a description of the external world and no sane child has ever believed that it was. 36.The author considers that a fairy story is more effective when it is __________. A. repeated without variation B. treated with reverence C. adapted by the parent D. set in the present 37.Some people dislike fairy stories because they feel the fairy stories__________. A. tempt people to be cruel to children B. show the primitive cruelty in children C. lend themselves to undesirable experiments with children D. increase a tendency to sadism in children 38.Fairy stories are a means by which children’s impulses may be ________. A. beneficially channeled B. given a destructive tendency C. held back until maturity D. effectively suppressed 39.According to the passage great fear can be stimulated in a child when the story is ___________. A. in a realistic setting B. heard for the first time C. repeated too often D. dramatically told 40.The advantage claimed for repeating fairy stories to young children is that it ________. A. makes them come to terms with their fears B. develops their power of memory C. convinces them there is nothing to be afraid of D. encourages them not to have ridiculous beliefs C Identifying , registering and protecting intellectual property rights have emerged as one of the key drivers of business competitiveness in the 21st century . Yet there is growing uncertainty about how that can best be achieved. Almost all big manufacturers have now moved into the provision of services alongside their traditional activities, often as a way of expanding the value of patented technology. But finding ways of exploiting the value of research, products or brands is one thing, preventing competitors from muscling in on the act is another. Pharmaceutical companies are having severe problems coping with copycat manufacturing by rivals in India and Egypt and elsewhere that provides cheap medicines for local people, but contribute little or nothing towards the research costs of the drugs. For pharmaceutical companies, of course, the legal problem of enforcing patents is complicated by the public relations problems that flow from any action that tends to raise drug prices in the under-developed world. But it is not only big business that faces problems. Several writers have had to take court action to recover the use of their own names from websites that have registered them and then tried to sell the rights back or sought a cut of future sales revenue. If the battleground of this business war is the rights that people and companies have to exploit their own work, the weapons are patents, trademarks, design registrations and copyright. Yet ,in many areas, the law is unclear. Debrett Lyons, head of the trademark and branding unit at Paisner & Co, the law firm, points out that brand icons, such a s the Mercedes three pointed star , remained strong visual symbols throughout the 20th century, but words are now becoming much more important again because internet domain names and email addresses consist of letter strings in which logo styles play no part. There are also questions about processing times, and costs. Alison Brimelow, the senior civil servant who runs the U,K. Patent Office, is not above boasting that businesses can get a trademark out of the Patent Office about as fast as they can get an application acknowledged by its U,S, equivalent, Yet the office is being swamped with patent applications for everything from better deckchairs to sophisticated electronics. Although the timetable for getting a U.K . patent remains in line with international norms, keeping in that way is becoming increasingly difficult. Ms Brimelow , acting on the conclusions of a quinquennial review by the trade and industry department, is looking at ways of speeding things up, as well as making the system more accessible, rather than simply checking and granting monopoly rights the traditional function of the office However, there is concern that this could undermine the efficiency and integrity of the system. David Evans , president of the Institute of Trade Mark Attorneys, says the review is encouraging a significant slackening of the safeguards for citizens and for small and medium-sized businesses. The effect will be increase the number of conflicting marks on the register and make it increasingly difficult for citizens to determine what they may legitimately do ,he says. Furthermore , says Mr . Evans, it would increase costs significantly for small-tomedium- sized business, which would have to conduct regular searches to protect their own registered rights, hitherto done by the Patent Office. 41.Which is Not the key driver of business competitiveness in the 21st century? A. Identifying intellectual property rights. B. Apply intellectual property rights. C. Registering intellectual property rights. D. Protecting intellectual property rights. 42.What problem do pharmaceutical companies encounter? A. They lose the market in India and Egypt. B. Their competitors sell cheap medicines for local people. C. They are short of money to research new drugs. D. It is difficult for them to get the intellectual property rights. 43.The processing time of getting a U.K. patent is ______________ A. significantly less than that of U.S. B. less than that of international norms C. becoming much longer D. less than that of getting a U,S, application 44.It becomes difficult for the U.K. Patent Office to keep the timetable because__________. A. there are too many applications B. the process of getting a patent is sophisticated C. both deckchairs and electronics apply for patents D. it’s impossible to stay in line with international norms 45.In the view of David Evans,__________. A. speeding up the processing time of the patent application would make the patent system more effective B. the quinquennial review is enhancing the safeguards for citizens and for small and medium-sized business C. speeding up the processing time of the patent application will increase the number of conflicting marks on the register D.the quinquennial review would decrease costs significantly for small-to-mediu msized business 第四部分：写作（共一题，满分 20 分） As more and more people focus on health diet, green food has begun to draw more and more attention from the public. In this part , write a composition of about 135 words to show your opinion on the topic: the benefits of Green Food ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
l 第五部分：教学设计（满分 20 分）